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António Xavier and Angela Trindade: Two Artists, Two Ages

Fátima da Silva Gracias


António Xavier de Trindade (1870–1935) and his daughter, Angela Trindade (1909–1980), were two distinguished artists of twentieth-century India. Born and raised in Portuguese Goa, A. X. Trindade obtained his Masters in Art from the Sir J. J. School of Art, Bombay, where he taught for many years. He had a gift for colour that earned him the sobriquet of “Rembrandt of the East”. He was drawn to European styles and techniques. Portraiture was his forte, but his oeuvre also included landscapes, everyday life, nude scenes, still lifes and religious paintings. Trindade not only excelled at painting, but also at other mediums such as wood carving, engraving and sculpture. Bombay-born, Angela Trindade belonged to the transitional generation in Indian history, the end of British rule and the early decades of post Independence. She was recognized as one of India’s foremost women artists who took up painting as a profession. She painted in at least five styles, including a style of her own that she named Trindadism (Trinity style). Angela was internationally known for her Christian but Indian-style religious painting. The oeuvres of both father and daughter are very vast and scattered today in many countries of the globe.


Goan artists, Indian woman painter, Portraiture, Christian themes, Tantric style

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