Philharmonic chords sound in Guanabara: memories and narratives of the Portuguese bands of the city of Rio de Janeiro

Antonio Henrique Seixas de Oliveira (ahseixas73@gmail.com)
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Memória Social, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
December, 2018
 
Doutor em Memória Social pela Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) e Mestre em Música pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), onde atuou como Professor de Trombone e Tuba nos períodos de 2001 a 2004 e 2006-2007, é trombonista da Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira desde 1997.

Desenvolveu pesquisa de Doutorado na área de bandas de música, com foco nas bandas filarmônicas fundadas por migrantes portugueses na cidade do Rio de Janeiro no século XX.

Dedica-se desde 2001, paralelamente às atividades como instrumentista, à regência tendo participado de aulas e cursos com os maestros Isaac Karabtchevsky e Osvaldo Ferreira, no Brasil, Douglas Bostock e Shannon Kitelinger, em Portugal e David Effrfon, Eugene Corporon e Virginia Allen, nos Estados Unidos.

Entre os grupos que já dirigiu destacam-se: Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira, Orquestra Sinfônica Nacional da UFF, Orquestra Sinfônica do Recife, Orquestra Sinfônica de Barra Mansa, Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira Jovem, Camerata Bosísio, Banda de Música de Pontevedra (Espanha), Orquestra de Sopros da Universidade de Aveiro, Banda Militar do Porto, Banda Sinfônica de Aveiro e Banda Filarmônica Progresso Matos Galamba (Portugal), Banda Sinfônica de Barra Mansa e Conjunto de Metais da Orquestra Petrobrás Sinfônica.

Realizou Doutorado Sanduíche com apoio da CAPES na Universidade de Aveiro, sob a orientação da Prof.ª Maria do Rosário Pestana, em 2017.

É Diretor Artístico e Regente Titular da Banda Filarmônica do Rio de Janeiro e membro da WASBE (World Association for Symphonic Bands and Ensembles)

Está integrado, desde 2017, como pesquisador ao projeto de pesquisa "A nossa música, o nosso mundo: Associções musicais, bandas filarmónicas e comunidades locais (1880-2018)" em curso na Universiade de Aveiro sob coordenação pela Profa. Dra. Maria do Rosário Pestana com financiamento da Fundação Para a Ciência e Tecnologia de Portugal (PTDC/CPC-MMU/5720/2014).

 

Abstract

Since fifteenth century, Portuguese have being a moving people throughout the world, and in the various localities where they settled, they founded, from the end of nineteenth century and throughout the twentieth century, musical groups similar to the philharmonic bands in Portugal.
Philharmonic bands, or just philharmonics, have an important role in Portuguese popular culture as they have a central participation in the annual cycle of religious and profane celebrations of the localities, mainly, in the central and north regions of the country. The study carried out, in the scope of the doctorate, investigated this reality in the city of Rio de Janeiro, with the objectives of examining the process of creation of philharmonic bands in the light of the Portuguese migration from the description of the migratory flows that originated them; understand philharmonic bands practices in Portugal and investigate its creation and implementation process in the city of Rio de Janeiro; construct the memories of these musical groups of the city of Rio de Janeiro, in Social`s Memory perspective, based on documentary research and interviews with actors of this process; and investigate the reasons that led to the current decline of Portuguese bands of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The corpus that gives support to the research was generated between 2014 and 2018, through literature review about philharmonic bands in Portugal and on Portuguese migration to the countries where it was possible to identify active Portuguese philharmonic bands; research in local newspapers in the city of Rio de Janeiro and on the Internet; focal group and individual interviews with conductors, musicians and directors who have been involved or still perform with these bands; field work with participant observation in Portugal; and ethnographic observation in the United States. Due to the interdisciplinary characteristic of the research, other knowledge fields, in addition to Social Memory also gives it support such as Ethnomusicology and Sociolinguistics. The investigation revealed the existence of eight philharmonic bands founded by Portuguese migrants in the city of Rio de Janeiro since 1920, and many of them originated from splits and dissidences in the existing bands. The research also revealed performing contexts of these bands; practices; repertoires; actors; issues of affect and centrality; their acting as instruments of musical education; management and how rivalries operated among these musical groups. Data also revealed that the decline of Portuguese community in the city of Rio de Janeiro; the need to hire Brazilian musicians to perform with the Portuguese philharmonic bands, replacing the missing Portuguese migrants; urban violence in the city of Rio de Janeiro; and the difficulty of maintaining institutions, especially with regard to government taxes, were some of the reasons that led the two Portuguese bands still active - Banda Portugal and Banda Irmãos Pepino, to the current situation.