Sabataísmo em Hamburgo e a obra Fin de los Dias (1666) de Moseh Gideon Abudiente (1610-1688)

Florbela Veiga Frade

Abstract


Resumo. No século XVII, a Nação Portuguesa de Hamburgo, constituída por conversos fugidos da Península que adoptaram a religião judaica em terras de exílio, atravessou um período difícil da sua existência. As correntes messiânicas ganhavam um número crescente de adeptos entre os peninsulares e simultanea­mente as autoridades luteranas reagiam contra a presença de judeus e sinagogas em terras de cristãos. O presente estudo incide sobre o movimento de Shabatai Zvi em Hamburgo e sobre o livro com vários sermões da Yeshiva (academia) de Hamburgo, escrito pelo rabino de Hamburgo e Glückstadt, Moseh Gideon Abudiente. A fé na vinda do messias, que traria a paz ao mundo, tornando-o mais fraterno e espiritual, foi uma utopia que se entendeu possível entre os membros da Nação Portuguesa. Na obra de Abudiente reflecte-se o pensamento desses movimentos.

Abstract. In the 17th century, the Portuguese Nation of Hamburg, which consisted of converts who had fled from the Iberian Peninsula and who had adopted the Jewish faith in the land of exile, went through a difficult time-period. The Lutheran authorities reacted against the presence of Jews as well as synagogues in the land of Christians. At the same time, the messianic movement of Shabatai gained a growing number of adherents among peninsular people. This study focuses on the Shabati Zvi movement in Hamburg and on the book written by Moseh Gideon Abudiente, which included several of his sermons given at the Yeshiva (academy) in Hamburg and Glückstadt. The faith in the coming of the messiah, who would bring peace to the world, making it more fraternal and spiritual, was a “utopia,” which the members of the Portuguese Nation viewed as possible. The book of Abudiente reflects the thought prevalent in these movements.


Keywords


Moshe Gideon Abudiente; Fin de Los Dias; Portuguese Nation in Hamburg; Shabataism; Messianism

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